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Tripoli houses a unique mosque that sets it apart from other monuments of the city. It is located in the old souk, on the left bank of the Abu ‘Ali River, near the Bâb al-Raml cemetery.

Structure 

The mosque is known as Taynal mosque, since it was commissioned by Sayf ad-Din Taynal an-Nasiri al-Ashrafi, governor of Tripoli, who reigned during the mid-14th century AD.

The mosque is accessed through a northern entrance, which is marked by a large pointed arch containing a rectangular door surrounded by superimposed black and white stonework, in accordance with the ablaq system. This entrance leads to the first section of the mosque: the entrance hall. It is a rectangular space divided into three aisles by four granite columns of various sizes. 

Next, a monumental portal entirely decorated in ablaq opens onto the second section of the mosque. It is adorned with multicolored marble marquetry panels with geometric decorations, with muqarnas pattern topped by a small dome, and with inscriptions in naskhi and square Kufic script. 

The second section consists of a central space, covered with a dome supported by four massive pillars, surrounded by a wide gallery. On its south wall, a mihrab rests on two small columns, contrasting with a minbar made of wood ornamented with geometric motifs and arabesques, as well as an inscription in naskhi indicating its date of completion and the name or the craftsman. 

On the east wall, there are two doors, one leading to a domed mausoleum, the other to the minaret. The latter is a small tower with a square then octagonal shaft, ending in a parapet with a small lantern topped by a dome. 

The layout and granite columns with Corinthian capitols – clearly reclaimed materials – indicate that the Taynâl mosque was constructed on the site of ancient buildings, probably a Carmelite church from the Crusades period, itself built over a temple that date back to the Roman era. 

Motifs 

The marble marquetry on the indoor walls and floors uses motifs that are common in the Mamluk decorative vocabulary, such as stars, swastikas and square Kufic. The latter is a type of geometric Kufic script, widespread in Iran and Iraq from the 13th century AD and that became very frequent during the Mamluk era, especially in Cairo where it first appeared in the mausoleum of Qala’un (1284-85). It is also found on other monuments in Tripoli, such as the madrasa al-Burtasiya.

*Scroll down to enjoy the pictures and to locate the site on the map.

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Karim Sokhn Tour Operator & Tour Guide

References:

https://www.qantara-med.org/public/show_document.php?do_id=344&lang=en

General view of the mosque 

The monumental portal adorned with beautiful Mamluk motifs and architecture. Notice the granit columns on the side.

The second section with the Mihrab and Minbar 

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