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Antipater Sarcophagus

Tyre

· South

The western archeological site of Tyr holds a finely crafted marble sarcophagus that date back to the Byzantine era.

Inscription

The sarcophagus holds a Greek epitaph of a murex fisherman "Of Antipater, murex fisher" - Anti (like) Pater (the father).

Motifs

The sarcophagus is ornamented by a popular funerary motif - the Medusa, a Hellenic emblem for life-force and immortality. It was also used by the Etruscans (ancestors of the Romans) as a mean of resurgence of life beyond the grave, as well as the resurgence of life on earth in the spring. 

The lid is carved with overlapping scales, representing actually the fish scale. 

Murex

Murex fishing was an important activity in Tyre during antiquity: the murex snails provided purple dye that was extracted, produced and sold at high prices for the nobles throughout the Mediterranean.

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Karim Sokhn

Tour Operator & Tour Guide

Reference:

https://www.collexpersee.eu/projet/epityr/

Rey-Coquais, Jean-Paul, 1977, Inscriptions greques et latines decouvertes dans les fouilles de Tyr (1963-1974)

A general view of the sarcophagus where the relief of Medusa and the Greek inscription are clearly visible 

 The relief of Medusa

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